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外贸专业术语大全(中英对照)

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英语是我们外贸人必不可少的交流工具,新晋的外贸人,来看看下边的这些专业术语,你都掌握了吗?



价格条件术语


价格术语trade term (price term)    

运费freight  

单价 price           

码头费wharfage  

总值 total value        

卸货费landing charges  

金额 amount         

关税customs duty  

净价 net price         

印花税stamp duty  

含佣价price including commission  

港口税portdues  

回佣return commission   

装运港portof shipment  

折扣discount,allowance    

卸货港port of discharge  

批发价 wholesale price  

目的港portof destination  

零售价 retail price     

进口许口证inportlicence  

现货价格spot price     

出口许口证exportlicence  

期货价格forward price  

现行价格(时价)current price prevailingprice  

国际市场价格 world (International)Marketprice  

离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board  

成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight  

到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight



国际贸易术语


出口信贷 export credit  

出口津贴 export subsidy  

商品倾销 dumping  

外汇倾销 exchange dumping  

优惠关税 special preferences  

保税仓库 bonded warehouse  

贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade  

贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade  

进口配额制 import quotas  

自由贸易区 free trade zone  

对外贸易值 value of foreign trade  

国际贸易值 value of international trade  

普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP  

最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT  


交货条件术语


交货delivery    

轮船steamship(缩写S.S)  

装运、装船shipment  

租船charter (the chartered shep)  

交货时间 time of delivery  

定程租船voyage charter;  

装运期限time of shipment    

定期租船time charter  

托运人(一般指出口商)shipper,consignor  

收货人consignee  

班轮regular shipping liner  

驳船lighter  

舱位shipping space       

油轮tanker  

报关clearance of goods   

陆运收据cargo receipt  

提货to take delivery of goods  

空运提单airway bill      

正本提单original B\L  

选择港(任意港)optional port        

选港费optional charges  

选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers’ account  

一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment  

一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.  

一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment  

在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots  

在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots  

分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments  

分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments  

立即装运 immediate shipments  

即期装运 prompt shipments  

收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C  

不允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed / partial shipment not permitted


允许分批装船 partial shipment not unacceptable  


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交易磋商、合同签订

订单 indent        

订货;订购 book; booking  

电复 cable reply

实盘 firm offer  

递盘 bid; bidding   

递实盘 bid firm  

还盘 counter offer    

发盘(发价) offer  

发实盘 offer firm     

询盘(询价) inquiry;enquiry  

指示性价格 price indication  

速复 reply immediately  

参考价 reference price  

习惯做法 usual practice  

交易磋商 business negotiation       

不受约束 without engagement  

业务洽谈 business discussion  

限**复 subject to reply **  

限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here **  

有效期限 time of validity    

有效至**: valid till **  

购货合同 purchase contract    

销售合同 sales contract  

购货确认书 purchase confirmation  

销售确认书 sales confirmation        

一般交易条件 general terms and conditions  

以未售出为准 subject to prior sale  

需经卖方确认 subject to seller’s confirmation  

需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation  



交易方式


INT (拍卖auction)       

寄售consignment  

招标invitation of tender  

投标submission of tender  

一般代理人agent      

总代理人general agent  

代理协议agency agreement  

累计佣金accumulative commission  

补偿贸易compensation trade  

(或抵偿贸易)compensating/compensatory trade  

(又叫:往返贸易) counter trade  

来料加工processing on giving materials  

来料装配assembling on provided parts  

独家经营/专营权exclusive right  

独家经营/包销/代理协议exclusivity agreement  

独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency; exclusive agent  



品质条件


品质 quality      

原样 original sample  

规格 specifications    

复样 duplicate sample  

说明 description    

对等样品 countersample  

标准 standard type   

参考样品 reference sample  

商品目录 catalogue   

封样 sealed sample  

宣传小册 pamphlet     

公差 tolerance  

货号 article No.    

花色(搭配) assortment  

样品 sample 5%     

增减 5% plus or minus  

代表性样品 representative sample  

大路货(良好平均品质)fair average quality  


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